Western Ghats Endemics Birding Tour

5th – 16th December 2024: Western Ghats endemics birding tour in India highlights include White-bellied Treepie, Palani (Kerala) Laughingthrush, Nilgiri Woodpigeon, Malabar Parakeet, Malabar Grey Hornbill, Black-and-orange Flycatcher, Nilgiri Pipit, Malabar Trogon, White-cheeked Barbet, Nilgiri Thrush, Crimson-backed Sunbird, Indian Pitta, Wayanad Laughingthrush, Nilgiri Blue Robin, Painted Spurfowl – £3250 per person

Black-and-orange Flycatcher - Western Ghats Endemics Birding Tour

Trip Details
  • Dates: 5th  – 16th Dec 2024
  • Cost: £3250
  • Single Supplement: £TBA
  • Deposit: £500
  • Tour length: 12 Days (10 days birding)
  • Min / Max group size: 5 / 10
  • Start/Finish: Cochin
  • Photo Opps: Good
  • Physicality: Easy
  • Tour Leaders: Nick Upton & Local Guides

If you have any questions about this trip please feel free to ask by contacting us at info@calidrisbirdingtours.com

Western Ghats Birding

Visiting one of South Asia’s centre’s of endemism

Day 1, Arrival in Cochin – 5th December 2024

Flights to Cochin will arrive on this day from mid-morning to mid-afternoon with a short transfer to a nearby, comfortable hotel for the night. In the early evening you will have dinner with your guide and there will be a pre-trip briefing. Here you will get a good night’s sleep before the adventure begins the following morning.

Days 2-4, Thattekkad – 6th-8th December 2024

We start our birding tour by visiting what many birders know as the “jewel in the crown” of birding in Kerala and, indeed, the whole of South India; Thattekkad Bird Sanctuary, also known as the Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary. Just around an hour from our hotel we head straight into the forest home of a high proportion of the endemic species of the Western Ghats. A mixture of lowland habitats that include tropical and deciduous forest, riverine grassland and nearby scrublands will provide us with three days of excellent birding in search of groups of noisy Malabar Grey Hornbills passing through the trees, White-bellied Blue Flycatcher in the shadows, Malabar Barbet with its repetitive call and one of the smartest parakeets in Asia in Malabar Parakeet alerting us to its presence with its raucous screeching.

Spending time birding in the forest we will be looking for some good birds including the colourful and range-restricted Malabar Trogon, the endemic White-bellied Treepie, an impressive bird, as well as the endemic Crimson-backed Sunbird. There is plenty to see in the forest and around the gardens of the accomodation with superb White-bellied Woodpecker to enjoy as well as Loten’s Sunbird feeding on flowers plus Southern Hill Myna, the endemic White-cheeked Barbet, Black-hooded Oriole, Green Imperial Pigeon and colourful Indian Roller. The lowland habitat here hosts not only birds endemic to the Western Ghats but many species that are much depleted throughout their Asian range.

Nocturnal birds are a feature here too but we do expect to see many of them on daytime roosts given the intimate knowledge of our local guides. Large Owls such as Mottled Wood Owl, Brown Fish Owl and Spot-bellied Eagle Owl are frequently seen as are smaller species including Indian Scops Owl and Oriental Scops Owl although Sri Lanka Bay Owl might be rather harder to locate. There is also a very good chance of seeing the weird and cryptic Sri Lanka Frogmouth, a regional endemic that is often seen on daytime roosts in this area.

For some really amazing views we can also spend some time watching birds from a hide as a variety of species come to drink and bathe. In this way we can observe endemic species such as White-bellied Treepie, Flame-throated Bulbul, Blyth’s Starling and White-browed Bulbul as well as more widespread species like Black-naped Monarch and Blue Whistlingthrush. There are plenty of options for us in this area and the length of time here means that we should be able to connect with a very high proportion of the target species and enjoy the birding at a good pace.

Day 5, Munnar – 9th December 2024

Today we make a day trip to the hill station of Munnar, leaving early in the morning, making a two-hour drive through tea plantations where Long-tailed Shrike and Pied Bushchat are common, along with migratory Brown Shrike. Our first port of call in this region will be Eravikulum National Park, an area of rolling mountains with extensive areas of upland grassland, interspersed with forested gulleys and valleys and areas of shrubland among rocky cliffs. This is more than just a scenic area being the best place to see some of the region’s endemic species and we will time our arrival to spot Nilgiri Woodpigeons perched in the open, enjoying the early morning light.

Other key birds here to search for include the smart Palani (Kerala) Laughingthrush, split from Grey-breasted Laughingthrush, and a species that can be quite confiding at the right spot, Yellow-throated Bulbul and Nilgiri Flycatcher. More widespread species are also likely to include Large-billed Leaf Warbler, Tytler’s Leaf Warbler and Tickell’s Leaf Warbler to test our skills with Phylloscopus warblers, Indian Scimitar Babbler, Indian Black-lored Tit, the stunning Indian Blue Robin, Indian Blackbird and Orange Minivet.

Higher up the mountain within woodland patches and the shola grasslands we expect to see the endemic Nilgiri Pipit, a specialist of upland grasslands with the lovely White-bellied Blue Robin to find too. If we are lucky we may be able to find Broad-tailed Grassbird, but this species can be very skulking and hard to see. In the leaf litter of the woodland we have a great opportunity to spot a cryptic Zoothera thrush in Nilgiri Thrush as well as intricately marked Painted Bush Quail with other possibilities including Malabar Whistlingthrush, Grey-fronted Green Pigeon, Yellow-browed Bulbul, Velvet-fronted Nuthatch and the stunning Blue-capped Rockthrush as well as another chance of the amazing Malabar Trogon.

Our time here will be spent targeting the key species in and around the Munnar area as well as enjoying the birds with a wider range along the way, before we head back, at the end of the day, to our base at Thettakad.

Day 6, Thattekkad – 10th December 2024

Another day to enjoy the great birds close to our accommodation at Thettekkad. With many of these forest species being hard to track down we will need plenty of time to get the views we want of many of them, particularly some of the nocturnal species.

Day 7, Thattekkad to Mudumalai – 11th December 2024

After breakfast and a little early morning birding we start the journey towards Mudumalai, around four hours away. Spending the rest of the day here we will look for wide range of species including specialities such as Indian Nuthatch, Grey Junglefowl, Blue-faced Malkoha and Jerdon’s Nightjar at dusk. The range of habitats in the foothills of the Nilgiri mountains here means that there are also a wide range of birds for us to savour. Endemic species found here include Red Spurfowl, Malabar Lark, Nilgiri Flowerpecker

Day 8, Mudumalai – 12th December 2024


Day 9, Ooty – 13th December 2024


Day 10, Mysore – 14th December 2024


Day 11, Departure – 15th December 2024

After breakfast and some early morning birding around the gardens of our accommodation we will transfer to Bangalore International Airport for our onward flights.

The following list is of the key species of birds that we have a very good chance of finding based on the experience of previous visits. The list is not meant as a complete inventory of the birds that we will search for but they are many of the regional highlights that we will put effort into locating because they are memorable and/or have restricted ranges. We do expect to find a very high proportion of these birds but we obviously cannot guarantee that we will see all of them.

  • Painted Bush Quail – Perdicula erythrorhyncha
  • Red Spurfowl – Galloperdix spadicea
  • Painted Spurfowl – Galloperdix lunulata
  • Grey Junglefowl – Gallus sonneratii
  • Savanna Nightjar – Caprimulgus affinis
  • Sri Lanka Bay Owl – Phodilus assimilis
  • Indian Scops Owl – Otus bakkamoena
  • Indian Eagle Owl – Bubo bengalensis
  • Spot-bellied Eagle Owl – Bubo nipalensis
  • Brown Fish Owl – Ketupa zeylonensis
  • Mottled Wood Owl – Strix ocellata
  • Malabar Trogon – Harpactes fasciatus
  • (Southern) Greater Coucal – Centropus sinensis (parroti)
  • Nilgiri Woodpigeon – Columba elphinstonii
  • Great Thick-knee – Esacus recurvirostris
  • River Tern – Sterna aurantia
  • Indian Vulture – Gyps indicus
  • Malabar Grey Hornbill – Ocyceros griseus
  • White-cheeked Barbet – Psilopogon viridis
  • Malabar Barbet – Psilopogon malabaricus
  • Brown-capped Pygmy Woodpecker – Yungipicus nanus
  • Black-rumped Flameback – Dinopium benghalense
  • White-bellied Woodpecker – Dryocopus javensis
  • Plum-headed Parakeet – Psittacula cyanocephala
  • Blue-winged (Malabar) Parakeet – Psittacula columboides
  • Indian Pitta – Pitta brachyura
  • Orange Minivet – Pericrocotus flammeus
  • Malabar Woodshrike – Tephrodornis sylvicola
  • White-bellied Treepie – Dendrocitta leucogastra
  • Indian Black-lored Tit – Machlolophus aplonotus
  • Indian Bushlark – Mirafra erythroptera
  • Syke’s Lark – Galerida deva
  • Malabar Lark – Galerida malabarica
  • Grey-headed Bulbul – Pycnonotus priocephalus
  • Yellow-throated Bulbul – Pycnonotus xantholaemus
  • Flame-throated Bulbul – Pycnonotus gularis
  • Yellow-browed Bulbul – Acritillas indica
  • Hill Swallow – Hirundo domicola
  • Tytler’s Leaf Warbler – Phylloscopus tytleri
  • Broad-tailed Grassbird – Schoenicola platyurus
  • Indian Scimitar Babbler – Pomatorhinus horsfieldii
  • Dark-fronted Babbler – Rhopocichla atriceps
  • Rufous Babbler – Argya subrufa
  • Wayanad Laughingthrush – Pterorhinus delesserti
  • Nilgiri Laughingthrush – Montecincla cachinnans
  • Palani (Kerala) Laughingthrush – Montecincla fairbanki
  • Southern Hill Myna – Gracula indica
  • Malabar (Blyth’s) Starling – Sturna blythii
  • Orange-headed Thrush – Geokichla citrina
  • Nilgiri Thrush – Zoothera neilgherriensis
  • Indian Nuthatch – Sitta castanea
  • White-spotted Fantail – Rhipidura albogularis
  • White-bellied Blue Flycatcher – Cyornis pallidipes
  • Nilgiri Flycatcher – Eumyias albicaudatus
  • Malabar Whistlingthrush – Myophonus horsfieldii
  • Indian Blue Robin – Larvivora brunnea
  • Nilgiri Blue Robin – Sholicola major
  • White-bellied Blue Robin – Sholicola albiventris
  • Rusty-tailed Flycatcher – Ficedula ruficauda
  • Black-and-orange Flycatcher – Ficedula nigrorufa
  • Blue-capped Rockthrush – Monticola albogularis
  • Nilgiri Flowerpecker – Dicaeum concolor
  • Crimson-backed (Small) Sunbird – Leptocoma minima
  • Loten’s Sunbird – Cinnyris lotenius
  • White-browed Wagtail – Motacilla maderaspatensis
  • Nilgiri Pipit – Anthus nilghiriensis

The map of South India below displays the main locations visited on this Western Ghats endemics birding tour. Depending on local knowledge at the time there may be other sites visited and there will be a number of shorter birding stops on some of the journeys between sites.

1. Thattekad

5. Ooty

2. Munnar

6. Mysore

3. Periyar

4. Mudumalai

Tour Details

Tour Cost: £3250 per person

Single supplement: £TBA

Included in the tour cost: All transport including airport transfers, all meals, accommodation (based on two people sharing a

Not included in the tour cost: International flights, travel insurance, visa (most nationalities get 30-day visa-free entry), alcoholic and soft drinks, tips, excess baggage fees, laundry and any other items of a personal nature.

Accommodation: All 

Physical effort: This birding tour does not require a high level of physical exertion, participants simply need to be able bodied and capable of spending all day in the field, making mostly short walks from the vehicle although there may be one or two longer walks along forest trails.  

Weather: At most 

Food: food

Ask a question about this tour
Book this tour

Tour Leaders

Nick Upton - Bird Tour Leader

Nick Upton

Nick Upton has been birding since the age of seven and leading birding tours full-time since 2007. After travelling extensively in Asia he settled in Thailand in 1997, teaching English and science while establishing thaibirding.com. With a BSc (Hons) Wildlife & Countryside Conservation he is well placed to understand the ecology of birds as well as the conservation issues that affect them.

Nick is co-founder/director of Calidris Birding Tours.

While we make every effort to adhere to the advertised itinerary for this Western Ghats endemics birding tour, we reserve the right to make changes in the case of unforeseen circumstances that are beyond our control. These can include problems with accessibility, national park closures, unseasonal weather events or any other reason that may demand a change of itinerary.

Recommended Field Guide

Birds of South India Ripley GuideBirds of India


When booking this Western Ghats Endemics Birding Tour customers will be given a 10% discount code for use when ordering the book directly from Lynx Edicions.

Read our full review of the book here – Birds of India.

Related Birding Links

Terms and conditions: Please read full Calidris Birding Tours terms and conditions which apply to the Western Ghats Endemics Birding Tour.